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Just a few things- my 1/2 sister, who I call Chris- is Christina. I DID attack my nephew when I was 13- which I have been quite open about. He was NOT, however, part of the Hester household. Af the time of that attack- I also, directly after, tried to kill myself so at the same time the police came- so did an ambulance. It was determined I was having a psychotic break, which being forced to light a man on fire when I was 10 contributed too, so social workers were ordered into my fathers house. Two months later I tried to kill myself again- believing the only way to prevent me from becoming the AntiChrist was for me to kill myself- so a week after my 14th birthday I was directed to sign myself into Cherokee Mental Health Institute- where I spent 5 months.
But you can see- through this exchange- how sick this IEATBABIES is- and how he constantly just throws shit at the walls- hoping something will stick.
You can also see his claims that he is directly connect to Michael Aquino but then, as they say, birds of a feather flock together.
pedestrian.tv // Queer, Female and Aboriginal: Surviving And Thriving As A Minority: Growing up in regional New South Wales, finding other queer people much less Indigenous queer people felt almost impossible. I didnt look like the stereotype of either community. I have pale skin, blue eyes and brown hair so I definitely didnt look like representations of Aboriginal women I saw in the media. As for the queer community, all I had to look up to was a dancing Ellen DeGeneres on daytime TV. While I loved Ellen, I was again faced with no true representation. I was an outcast in my own community at times those who I had hoped would be educated about Indigenous Australians or queer-identifying people consistently let me down, deepening my feelings of isolation and loneliness.
by Mary W Maxwell, LLB
On October 6, 2016, The Independent, UK, had this headline:
US government spent over $500m on fake Al-Qaeda propaganda videos that tracked location of viewers.
The article, by Feliks Garcia, was about a PR firm in the UK that helped the war effort during the 2003 Iraq war. I will show in a moment that there is good news here for the Boston Marathon non-bomber, Jahar Tsarnaev.
But first, I hope every parent of a US soldier is reading this.
The PR firm in questio...
Over the weekend, New Matilda editor Chris Graham spoke on a panel at the Adelaide Festival of Ideas with Amanda Pepe (from the Adelaide Review) and Professor Peter Fray, Co-director of the Centre for Media Transition, University of Technology Sydney. The topic was Future of Media, and specifically asked these questions: Given the 24/7 news cycle and even faster social media platforms, how can we control information? Is this development the ultimate democratisation of what used to be strictly-controlled offerings of the powerful few? Whos making sure were not being duped? Below is a speech Chris Graham prepared, but never delivered (the group just chatted instead).
One of the key questions in todays discussion is given our new, fast-paced media world, how can we control information?
I think the short answer is we cant. And to be honest, I dont think we really should anyway. I think government believes its job is to control information, and I can see some cases where thats obviously necessary national security, commercial in confidence etc etc. But in this day and age I think theres a lot of overreach by government in the control of information. The current prosecution of Witness K in the East Timor oil and gas scandal is a disgraceful, outrageous example of that.
I think traditional media has also felt a strong desire to and indeed has a long history of controlling information. I think theres a lot of overreach in that area as well. Ill give you an example.
Tomorrow, Im getting on a plane to fly to Italy. From there I board a boat in Sicily to sail to Gaza, in Palestine. Im there to report on the Freedom Flotilla Coalition, an international group (with representation in Australia) which, every year or so, organizes a few boats from across the world to try and break the Israeli imposed naval blockade on Gaza.
Now, wherever your politics reside on the question of Israel and Palestine, its undeniably a news story. Its undeniably information in the public interest. In the past, Australian media coverage has either tended to ignore the Flotillas entirely, or tended towards mockery and criticism. And yet, its basically universally accepted save for a few countries that Israels blockade of Gaza is illegal under international law. The Human Rights Council of the United Nations says it is, for example.
Gaza is the worlds largest outdoor prison a jail to almost 2 million people. And yet most of the time, we only see it in the news when Israel is slaughtering people. And even then our media strives for balance as though theres a balanced way to report the deaths of hundreds, sometimes thousands of unarmed Palestinians at the hands of one of the worlds most powerful armies.
Ironically, the only way I can see Australian media taking an interest in...
Mon dieu! #BastilleDay went off with a bang - for these police motorcyclistshttps://t.co/jh88YrDQA4 #14juillet pic.twitter.com/X3NjItolZL BBC News (World) (@BBCWorld) July 14, 2018
Domestic violence prevention brings together Indigenous men and
women in outback community - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting
Corporation): Domestic violence is not an issue unique to
Indigenous communities. On average, an Australian woman dies every
week at the hands of a current or previous partner.
So far this year, 34 women have been killed.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are 34 times more likely to be hospitalised as a result of domestic violence than any other group of women in Australia.
Australias annual permanent migrant intake has fallen to its lowest level in more than a decade after a Federal Government crackdown on dodgy claims. Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton said the government had restored integrity to the migration program to make sure the best possible migrants were brought into the country through tougher vetting. William Burke from the Sustainable Australia Party spoke to Tim McMillan about the new figures.
Australias annual permanent migrant intake has fallen to its lowest level in more than a decade after a Federal Government crackdown on dodgy claims.
Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton said the government had restored integrity to the migration program to make sure the best possible migrants were brought into the country through tougher vetting.
William Burke from Sustainable Australia spoke to Tim McMillan about the new figures.
Download this podcast here
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The BTC markets are currently attempting to establish a higher low above $6000 after failing to break above resistance at $6800 at the end of June, whilst BCH appears to have bounced off the critical support area of $600 $650 for the second time in 2018. In recent altcoin market action, Cardano (ADA), Basic Attention Token (BAT), Stellar Lumens (XLM), Zcash (ZEC), and 0x (ZRX) have produced gains of roughly between 10% and 20% after Coinbase confirmed on the 14th of June that it is currently exploring listing said markets.
Since gaining 18% from the 29th of June low of approximately $5800 to the local high of roughly $6840 on the 7th of July, the BTC markets have retraced by over 8% during the last seven days with current prices hovering at approximately $6250.
Angelique Kerber beat seven-time champion Serena Williams to win her first Wimbledon title and spoil the Americans dream comeback as a mum. The German 11th seed, 30, beat the 23-time Grand Slam champion 6-3 6-3 to add this title to her 2016 Australian Open and US Open crowns. Williams had been the favourite despite it 
The post Kerber stuns Serena Williams to win first Wimbledon title appeared first on Newtelegraph.
A Candle Song
Anyone can light a candle,
But not the way that you do.
Anyone can light a candle,
Just like a flower in the rain.
You are unique, the same.
Each step you take, each dream you realize,
Will open your heart, your life.
Anyone can light a candle,
But not the way that you do.
For if we look too close
Pure magic we would see,
Pure magic we will be.
Its all around each one, its all around within,
The perfect union close inside your dreams.
To watch in wonderment as each day begins.
They tell me you can hear this song.
Anyone can light a candle,
But not the way that you do.
For if we look to close,
Pure magic we would see.
Pure magic we will be.
Jon Anderson and Vangelis, Change We Must, 1994
In the last week the Labor Party have started self-destructing with allegations of lies, fraud, theft, tax evasion and drug dealing flying left, right and centre by Mark Latham and it is almost certain most of it is true. It sounds like some sort of mafia movie but it isnt. It was an internal Labor 
Despite being 3% of the overall population, Aboriginal women make up 34% of the prison population. Dr Jackie Huggins AO, asks us to think of those women this NAIDOC week and why there is such a disparity.
Peter Fowler, a teen sex abuse victim of the founder of Hillsong Frank Houston, wrote the following to Pastor Philip Powell of Christian Witness Ministries on 13th July 2003.
Christian Witness Ministries is a prophetic ministry which exposed the corruption of Brian and Frank Houston, the Australian Assembies of God and Hillsong, on 13th July 2003. Pastor Philip Powell passed away in 2015.
AOGNZ is short for Assemblies of God in New Zealand.
Peter Fowlers letter to Pastor Philip Powell:
I am very pleased to be able to report that I have reached a settlement with AOGNZ and the Lower Hutt AOG. The terms of the settlement are confidential to the parties and the only public comment I can make is the following statement: Peter Fowler and the Assemblies of God in NZ and the Assembly of God Lower Hutt Church have confidentially in a Christian spirit resolved all differences between them relating to the alleged abuse of Peter Fowler by Fran...
Boy victim SA1 details the sexual abuse of him at age 11 by the pedophile Frank Houston the founder of Hillsong Global Church:
The abuse by Frank occurred during one week I was at the Klemzig AOG camp. It would have been in the summer of 1973 or 1974.
I was about 11. I hadnt reached puberty yet
I remember Frank being around the shower block quite a lot, seemed to bump into him there.
One time I was going in and he was coming out and as I went in I saw another boy a few years older standing there with an erection. My mate, David Haig also noticed it because I remember talking about it after, as boys would.
The first time Frank touched me was in a shower. I was showering and he pushed aside the flimsy curtain and stepped in and fondled me.
The second time was in the dorm. My bed was close to the back end on the bottom. He came to the bunk, sat down and masturbated me and had me touch him over his clothes.
On 18 November 2012 boy victim SA1 comments on this my blog site:
On 18 November 2012 a boy victim that nobody had previously heard of wrote the following comment on this my blog site:
Sadly, there were more than six kids, Frank was a regular at youth and family camps in the early/mid 70s at Cudlee Creek, SA ( the church camp) That is where I had my expe...
The following is the signed statement of boy victim AHA to the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse in October 2014.
AHA is one of Pastor Frank Houston, the founder of Hillsongs, sexual abuse boy victims.
AHAs statement is dated 30 September 2014, a month before the Australian Royal Commission examined Brian Houston, Hillsong Church and the Australian Christian Churches (ACC).
The ACC was formerly called the Australian Assemblies of God (AOG).
Boy victim AHA read this statement to the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse on 7 October 2014.
This Deutsche Welle video says about itself:
Chilean police have arrested a prominent Catholic priest who is accused of raping seven children.
Chilean priest arrested over child abuse allegations | DW | 13.07.2018
Chilean priest Oscar Munoz Toledo, who was once the chancellor of Santiagos archbishopric, was detained Thursday on charges that he sexually abused seven minors. Its the latest in a series of pedophilia cases in which priests allegedly carried out abuse, ignored it or helped cover it up.
The case: In January, Munoz admitted to abusing a minor. The 56-year-old was initially investigated by the Chilean church, which then referred the case to the Vatican. His arrest came after prosecutors seized church case files on the scandal in June. Munoz is accused of the abuse and statutory rape of seven children. Prosecutor Emiliano Arias said the abuse took place from 2002 on in Santiago and the southern city of Rancagua. Authorities are investigating whether Munoz had accomplices.
Archbishop of Santiago Ricardo Ezzati, who himself has been accused of covering up crimes, said the church would cooperate in everything that is required. Referring to Munoz, he added that he felt a great pain for him, for his family and for the victims.
Munoz was vice-chancellor before being promoted to chancellor in the Santiago archdiocese in 2011. He is one of several senior priests connecte...
One of Australias oldest financial institutions, Bank of Queensland, has prohibited the use of home equity loans for virtual currency speculation. The move has been attributed to concerns pertaining to the growing regulatory oversight of the cryptocurrency sector in Australia.
Bank of Queensland has banned its customers from using loans that are leveraged against home equity for the purposes of cryptocurrency speculation due to concerns pertaining to the increasing regulatory oversight of cryptocurrency activities in Australia.
Contracts issued by Bank of Queensland will now caution prospective borrowers any loan purpose that involves the acquisition of or usage of cryptocurrency is unacceptable. The Australia...
Sometimes, having a sweet tooth can get you into trouble.
That was the problem for one little possum in Loganholme, Australia, last week when he stumbled upon an open jar of Nutella that someone had thrown away.
Hoping to get a taste of what was left in the jar, he stuck his head inside and then couldnt get it back out.
Credit: RSPCA QueenslandA man walking his dog saw the struggling critter, and knew right away he needed help. Brushtail possums typically eat sweet eucalyptus, flowers and fruits so it was no surprise he wanted to snack on the sweet hazelnut spread.
Credit: RSPCA QueenslandSibilla put some grease around the neck of the jar and gently twisted it off from around the possums head. Theres no way of knowing how long the little guy had been stuck but if it had been much longer, he likely wouldnt have made it.
Mangroves, the dense tangled forests that buffer land from sea in many coastal areas of the tropics, are renowned for their ability to store carbon and help fight climate change. But new research finds mangroves may emit more carbon as methane than previously estimated emissions made even worse by deforestation. The ability of mangroves to sequester carbon in the ground termed blue carbon is unparalleled, with previous research finding a tract of mangrove can bury 40 times more carbon than a similarly sized area of rainforest. But what exactly happens to this carbon once its in the ground has been something of a mystery. So scientists at universities in Australia decided to find out by examining the soil carbon stored beneath mangroves in Queensland. Dr. Judith Rosentreter, a coauthor of the study, in a mangrove creek in North Queensland, Australia. Her research interest are in carbon cycling and greenhouse gas emissions from mangrove ecosystems. Photo by Jacob Yeo Their results, published in Science Advances, reveal that mangrove soil carbon doesnt remain stored in perpetuity. Some of it is transformed from carbon dioxide (CO2) to methane (CH4) by tiny microorganisims called archea, and is then released back into the atmosphere. Methane has a much bigger warming impact than carbon dioxide 34 to 86 times more powerful so even a bit of methane has the potential to offset mangrove CO2 storage. Ultimately, the team found that the methane released from mangrove soil carbon offsets blue carbon burial
JAKARTA Twenty-five of the worlds top environmental scientists have lambasted plans to construct a hydroelectric dam in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, because it would threaten the rarest species of great ape on Earth. The scientists, members of the Alliance of Leading Environmental Researchers & Thinkers (ALERT), outlined their concerns in a letter addressed to President Joko Jokowi Widodo, which was hand-delivered to the office of the presidents chief of staff, or KSP, on July 10. The scientists said the $1.6 billion hydropower project threatened the Batang Toru forest in North Sumatra province, home to the Tapanuli orangutan (Pongo tapanuliensis). The species was only described last year, but is already teetering on the brink of extinction, as its habitat in the Batang Toru ecosystem continues to be fragmented by infrastructure projects. Over the course of three generations, the population of Tapanuli orangutans has plummeted by 83 percent, leaving fewer than 800 individuals surviving in a tiny tract of forest less than one-fifth the size of the metropolitan area that comprises Indonesias capital, Jakarta. The Batang Toru hydropower project could be the death knell for the Tapanuli orangutan, according to William F. Laurance, a tropical ecologist at Australias James Cook University, who led a major study of the species and described it as the rarest and most gravely endangered great ape on Earth. I cannot imagine anywhere else in the world where a project like this would even be seriously entertained, he told Mongabay by email. The Batang Toru project will slice
Instagram model Katarina Zarutskie was in the Bahamas with her
boyfriend when she got into the water with a group of
nurse sharks while they were feeding. She wanted to connect
with nature, she
told SBS News. Then Zarutskie floated on her back amongst the
sharks, posing for a photo to share on her Instagram
page and something unexpected happened.
I leaned back, and then that shark he came and he bit down on my arm and pulled me under," she told BuzzFeed News. "I am lucky to have my hand.
Credit: Instagram/Katarina ZarutskieAfter the incident, Zarutskie released photos of the alleged attack, including a photo of her splashing in the water and an image of her injured arm and she told her story to multiple news outlets.
Credit: Instagram/Katarina ZarutskieThe nurse shark is likely to have pulled the woman underwater in taking an exploratory bite out of curiosity, but because they have sharp teeth this resul...
by Dee McLachlan
They say it was President Harry S Trumans decision to drop Little Boy, the atomic bomb that obliterated Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 exploding with an energy of about 15 kilotons of TNT. The goal of the two atomic bombs were to end the war, and as the President said, It is an awful responsibility that has come to us.
In 1950, Truman went on to support the development of the hydrogen bomb, a w...
The following is a media statement from Gaza Freedom Flotilla Australia.
Gaza Freedom Flotilla Australia is excited to announce that Chris Graham, the publisher and editor of New Matilda and Walkley Award winning journalist, will be on board the Freedom Flotilla Coalition boat Al Awda (The Return) later this month as she challenges the devastating and inhumane Israeli government blockade of Gaza.
This latest Freedom Flotilla Coalition (FFC) campaign to raise awareness of the impacts of Israels illegal blockade on the civilian population of the Gaza Strip is called Right to a Just Future for Palestine. It will not only focus on the right to freedom of movement, as all previous flotillas have done, but it will also focus on the right of return that has been denied to dispossessed Palestinian refugees for 70 years.
Chris said: The job of independent media like New Matilda, is to print truths that some would rather not see exposed. Its also to give voice to the voiceless, and there arent many groups on earth with less of a voice than Palestinians. So, Im looking forward to being part of that process.New Matilda editor Chris Graham, pictured in Hebron in the West Bank in December 2016.
Im obviously anxious about the response of the Israeli Government to the flotilla they killed 10 members of a Flotilla in 2010 during a raid on the Mavi Marmara. But Im also mindful that the Israeli Governments campaign of misinformation and intimidation of journalists and media organisations has been effective in reducing scrutiny of its actions.
Al Awda and her sister ships Freedom, Falestine and Mairead, are currently undertaking a tour of European ports to build support for the campaign and show Palestinian people and communities that while governments and international institutions may have failed them over the last 70 years, there is growing civil society support for their fundamental human rights.
John Pilger said: The freedom flotillas have achieved extraordinary results in informing the world of the inhumanity and cruelty of the Israelis medieval siege of Gaza. He has officially endorsed Right to a Just Future for Palestine, stating I specially appreciate the words, Just Future justice is the basic human right missing from the media reporting of...
Private and public investment in a safe climate future is growing, despite the best and worst efforts of some of the worlds leading polluters, writes Richie Merzian.
On a reclaimed swamp fringing the outskirts of the industrial city of Incheon in the Republic of Korea youll find the G-Tower, home of the Green Climate Fund (GCF). While this purpose-built town is an odd choice for the headquarters of the worlds largest climate fund it is typical of the UN decision-making that defines how the GCF works.
The GCF Board has 24 members split evenly between developed countries (mainly OECD members) and developing countries (mainly non-OECD members) and every decision, from approving the Secretariats pay-scale to billion dollar investments to the location of fund headquarters, has to be by consensus. Climate finance is all about balance and fairness, allowing industrialised countries that have benefited from high greenhouse gas economies to help finance efforts by poorer countries to cut their emissions and adapt to climate change.
Last week, the GCF Board held its 20th meeting and took two days to agree an agenda, failed to consider funding proposals and received the resignation of the Executive Director of the GCF Secretariat. Without background, it sounds like the GCF is in free-fall and Australia should question its AU$200 million investment, especially after American President Donald Trump announced the US would not honour its remaining US$2 billion GCF pledge.
In truth, the GCF has been a major asset for Australia and the international community, by supporting climate action in vulnerable island countries and levering corporate finance for climate change. Australia has been highly influential in the fund, co-chairing the GCF Board for three of the last six years, including overseeing a period of rapid growth in 2016 and 2017. In that two-year window, the GCF Board agreed by consensus to invest in 46 projects totalling US$2.5 billion. Just in our region, eight Pacific island countries succeeded in attracting over US$300 million in GCF investments in renewable energy and climate resilience more than the entire Australian contribution to the GCF.
But its through the GCFs Private Sector Facility that the greatest impact can be made. For example, the GCFs US$250 million investment in the European Investment Banks Global Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fund will mobilise US$30 billion in renewable energy and energy efficiency in emerging markets. Thats a leverage ratio of 120. One of the largest private investors in the project is an Australian superannuation fund.
The Paris Agreement is built on the understanding that climate finance must come from all funding sources. The goal of raising US$100 billion per annum by 2020, agreed at the Copenhagen conference, should come from both gov...
Weve collected a few stories that were published this week by other news outlets. Tropical forests The Forest Code in Brazil could help both agriculture and the environment, if all of its provisions are carried out (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis/EurekAlert). In just four years, between 2012 and 2016, Australia lost 5,000 square kilometers (1,930 square miles) of forest in the Great Barrier Reef watershed (The Guardian). A Chinese agency allows the trade in the bones of leopards, a species protected under CITES (Conservation Action Trust). Grazing livestock in forests could help boost sustainable agriculture (CIFOR Forests News). Protected forests in India that are farther from roads had 88 percent less deforestation, new research has found (The Hindu). Other news Scientists in Switzerland are combining drone surveys with image analysis to track wildlife in Africa (Swiss National Science Foundation/EurekAlert). A new analysis shows that the chances of contracting Lyme disease are higher in fragmented forests of the eastern U.S. (Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies/EurekAlert). Trumps Supreme Court nominee has acknowledged the role of humans in climate change (The Atlantic). What would the confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the U.S. Supreme Court mean for environmental laws? (The New York Times). Ammonia could be a renewable source of energy (Science Magazine). Several species of whales may have disappeared from the Mediterranean due to hunting by ancient Romans (New Scientist). After centuries of brewing beer, Belgium is becoming a more hospitable place for wine production, thanks to climate change (Reuters). Scientists ask
There are many angles to view the market despite this relentless sell pressure. First, news of regulations is obviously positive and could open the door for institutional investors to channels their trillions. Secondly, there is widespread cryptocurrency adoption and that 
The post Weekly Cryptocurrency Price Analysis: Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum, IOTA, and EOS appeared first on The Global Mail.
PMID: Curr Pharm Des. 2015 ;21(29):4240-51. PMID: 26323426 Abstract Title: Gold Nanoparticles in Cancer Therapy: Efficacy, Biodistribution, and Toxicity. Abstract: Gold-based nanoparticles are utilized for cancer therapeutics as a system for drug delivery, or as a mediator for thermal therapy, whether ablation or hyperthermia. This review discusses how the design of the physicochemical properties of the different types of gold-based nanoparticles affects their treatment efficacy. The basic principles and mechanism at which it mediates heating and delivers drugs efficiently in vivo is also summarized. We will also review the in vivo preclinical data on the biodistribution, intratumoral distribution, cell internalization, and its associated toxicity. Lastly, an updated list of the clinical trials based on nanoparticles and future perspectives are provided.
LOCAL After a minor roadbump (seemingly generated by their applying for the wrogn category of visa), Stefan Molyneux and Lauren Southern were this week issued working visas in order to conduct their speaking tour of Australia. See : Its OK Continue reading
Madagascar is facing an invasion. Not military, but amphibian. Toxic Asian common toads (Duttaphrynus melanostictus) have spread rapidly around the port city of Toamasina on the countrys east coast. The invasion has raised concerns that the amphibians could take a severe toll on Madagascars wildlife species, approximately 70 percent of which are endemic to the island. A paper published last month vindicates those concerns: through a genetic analysis of 77 Malagasy species, scientists found that just one demonstrated clear resistance to toad toxins. Our findings stress the importance of the timely investment of resources to monitor and control the spread of this alien species in order to prevent a worsening biodiversity crisis in Madagascar, the scientists write in the journal Current Biology. Asian common toads secrete a milky fluid from special glands behind their eyes when threatened. The fluid contains toxins known as cardiac glycosides, which can kill predators, including humans. Toxin-secreting parotid glands are visible as a large sac behind each eye. Image courtesy of JamesReardon.org. If sufficient cardiac glycosides are present, then the affected individual can suffer from an irregular heartbeat, which can lead to cardiac arrest, and death, study co-author Nicholas Casewell, an expert in snake venom with the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine in the U.K., told Mongabay via email. The situation has drawn fearful comparisons to a devastating invasion of toxic cane toads (Rhinella marina) in Queensland, Australia. The species was introduced from South America in 1935 to control agricultural pests. No one foresaw
Australian retail lender Bank of Queensland is updating its borrowers loan contracts to keep them from purchasing cryptocurrency using mortgage funds. Brisbane-based Bank of Queensland, a retail bank listed on Australias primary stock exchange is discouraging its borrowers from using real-estate mortgages to purchase cryptocurrency after deeming it a high-risk investment, according to the Australian
The post Bank of Queensland Bans Crypto Purchases Using Home Equity Loans appeared first on CCN
From an Article by Katherine Bourzac, Chemical & Engineering News, Volume 96 Issue 5 | p. 7 | News of The Week, January 29, 2018
A photograph of a spawning coral with a piece of plastic wrapped around it.
Coral reefs around the world face an existential threat from overfishing, climate change, nutrient runoff, and ocean acidification. Now researchers have added another hazard to the list: plastic waste. In a survey of reefs in the Asia-Pacific region, marine biologists found that contact with plastic garbage increased corals risk of disease from 4 to 89% (Science 2018, DOI: 10.1126/science.aar3320).
Researchers and environmentalists have been sounding the alarm about the 4.8 to 12.7 million metric tons of plastic that lands in the oceans every year. Still, says Douglas Rader, chief oceans scientist at the Environmental Defense Fund and one of the studys coleaders, the strong connection between coral disease and plastic was extremely surprising. This is striking, particularly in the context of all the other risks to reefs, he says.
The plastics study, an international effort involving researchers from Cornell University and collaborators in Indonesia, Hawaii, and Australia, studied 159 reefs in Myanmar, Australia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Researchers looked for signs of disease, including bands of necrotic tissue on the corals. They also noted whether the corals were in contact with pieces of plastic 50 mm in diameter or larger. Courtney Couch, a coral disease ecologist at the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology who surveyed reefs in Indonesia, says she saw many corals wrapped in plastic fishing lines and plastic bags.
This study is the first to show that plastic waste is associated with risk of disease in a marine organism. Although the researchers didnt establish a mechanism to explain the correlation, Couch notes that plastic ocean trash can carry pathogens. Plastic also can wrap around coral, which causes stress and in turn leaves the organism vulnerable to infection.
Marine chemist Tracy Mincer of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, who says he reads studies about plastic in the ocean with a skeptical eye, is convinced. It i...
Australians have been shivering across the country this winter, but a cold air mass combined with clear skies and light winds caused the mercury to really plummet last night. A slow-moving high pressure system will continue to cause notably cold mornings across much of central, southern and eastern Australia during the next three days, leading to widespread frost and fog each morning until Sunday. Some southern parts of the Northern Territory and a few places in southwest Queensland had their coldest morning in three to seven years. After a night of steady cooling, the temperature in Queensland town of Thargomindah dropped to a low of 0.2 degrees just before 7am today - the site's coldest morning since 2012.
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